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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 9514
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Cost-sensitive learning of top-down modulation for attentional control
1.  Ali Borji
2.  Majid Nili Ahmadabadi
3.  Babak Araabi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Machine Vision & Applications
  Vol.:  22
  Year:  2011
  Pages:   61-76
  Supported by:  IPM
A biologically-inspired model of visual attention known as basic saliency model is biased for object detection. It is possible to make this model faster by inhibiting computation of features or scales which are less important for detection of an object. To this end, we revise this model by implementing a new scale-wise surround inhibition. Each feature channel and scale is associated with a weight and a processing cost. Then a global optimization algorithm is used to find a weight vector with maximum detection rate and minimum processing cost. This allows achieving maximum object detection rate for real time tasks when maximum processing time is limited. A heuristic is also proposed for learning topdown spatial attention control to further limit the saliency computation. Comparing over five objects, our approach has 85.4are above 80basic model. We achieved lower average hit numbers compared with NVT but slightly higher than VOCUS attentional systems.

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