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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 7455
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Controlling the False Positive Rate in Fuzzy Clustering Using Randomization: Application to fMRI Activation Detection
1.  H. Jahanian
2.  H. Soltanian Zadeh
3.  G.A. Hossein Zadeh
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  No.:  22
  Year:  2004
  Pages:   388-391
  Supported by:  IPM
Despite its potential advantages for fMRI analysis, fuzzy C-means (FCM) clustering suffers from limitations such as the need for a priori knowledge of the number of clusters, and unknown statistical significance and instability of the results. We propose a randomization-based method to control the false positive rate and estimate statistical significance of the FCM results. Using this novel approach, we develop an fMRI activation detection method. The ability of the method in controlling the false positive rate is shown by analysis of false positives in activation maps of resting-state fMRI data. Controlling the false positive rate in FCM allows comparison of different fuzzy clustering methods, using different feature spaces, to other fMRI detection methods. In this paper, using simulation and real fMRI data, we compare a novel feature space that takes the variability of the hemodynamic response function into account (HRF-based feature space) to the conventional cross-correlation analysis and FCM using the cross-correlation feature space. In both cases, the HRF-based feature space provides a greater sensitivity compared to the cross-correlation feature space and conventional cross-correlation analysis. Application of the proposed method to finger-tapping fMRI data, using HRF-based feature space, detected activation in sub-cortical regions, while both of the FCM with cross-correlation feature space and the conventional cross-correlation method failed to detect them.

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