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Paper   IPM / P / 17619
School of Physics
  Title:   Neutrinos from GRB 221009A: producing ALPs and explaining LHAASO anomalous \ensuremath{\gamma} event
1.  N. Bernal
2.  Y. Farzan
3.  A.Y. Smirnov
  Status:   Published
  Journal: JCAP
  Vol.:  11
  Year:  2023
  Pages:   098
  Supported by:  IPM
We propose a novel explanation for the 18 TeV gamma ray from GRB 221009A observed by LHAASO. High-energy neutrinos are converted into axion-like particles (ALPs) via their interaction with the cosmic neutrino background. Subsequently, ALPs are converted into high-energy photons in the magnetic field of our galaxy. We compute the fluxes of neutrinos, ALPs, and photons reaching Earth. IceCube's constraints on the neutrino flux from GRB 221009A translate into a severe upper bound on the photon flux. We find a range of parameters where all existing bounds are satisfied and the 18 TeV LHAASO photon can be explained. In the future, the specific correlation between the photon and neutrino flux reaching Earth from powerful neutrino sources with energies larger than 10 TeV such as GRBs or AGNs, can be used as a tool to differentiate our explanation from the alternatives suggested in the literature. We discuss how the interactions of our scenario can be embedded within electroweak gauge-invariant models, avoiding various cosmological and terrestrial bounds. We comment on the possibility of explaining the 251 TeV photon observed by the Carpet-2 detector, taking into account the bounds from the observation of high-energy neutrinos from TXS 0506+056.

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