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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 17406
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   The Dopaminergic System Modulates the Electrophysiological Activity of the Suprachiasmatic Nucleus Dependent on the Circadian Cycle
1.  S. Mesgar
2.  K. Eskandari
3.  H. Karimian-Sani-Varjovi
4.  P. Salemi-Mokri-Boukani 1
5.  A. Haghparast
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Neurochemical Research
  Vol.:  48
  Year:  2023
  Supported by:  IPM
The suprachiasmatic nucleus of the hypothalamus (SCN) controls mammalian circadian rhythms. Circadian rhythms influence the dopaminergic system, and dopaminergic tone impresses the physiology and behavior of the circadian clock. However, little is known about the effect of dopamine and dopamine receptors, especially D1-like dopamine receptors (D1Rs), in regulating the circadian rhythm and the SCN neuron's activity. Therefore, the present study aimed to investigate the role of the D1Rs in SCN neural oscillations during the 24-h light-dark cycle using local field potential (LFP) recording. To this end, two groups of rats were given the SKF-38393 (1 mg/kg; i.p.) as a D1-like receptor agonist in the morning or night. LFP recording was performed for ten minutes before and two hours after the SKF-38393 injection. The obtained results showed that diurnal changes affect LFP oscillations so that delta relative power declined substantially, whereas upper-frequency bands and Lempel-Ziv complexity (LZC) index increased at night, which is consistent with rodents' activity cycles. The D1Rs agonist administration in the morning dramatically altered these intrinsic oscillations, decreasing delta and theta relative power, and most of the higher frequency bands and LZC index were promoted. Some of these effects were reversed at the night after the SKF-38393 injection. In conclusion, findings showed that the SCN's neuronal activities are regulated based on the light-dark cycle in terms of population neural oscillatory activity which could be affected by dopaminergic stimulation in a time-dependent way.

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