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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 17351
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   The role of orexin-1 receptors within the ventral tegmental area in the extinction and reinstatement of methamphetamine place preference
1.  F. Zamanirad
2.  M. Fattahi
3.  H. Amirteymori
4.  Z. Mousavi
5.  A. Haghparast
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Behav Brain Res
  Year:  2023
  Supported by:  IPM
Targeting the orexin system has recently been identified as one of the promising options for treating drug addiction. It may be more feasible and achievable if we investigate the accurate function of the orexin system in brain areas implicated in reward and addiction, such as the ventral tegmental area (VTA) by animal reward models. This study investigated the contribution of the orexin system, mainly the orexin-1 receptors (OX1R) in the VTA, in the extinction and reinstatement of methamphetamine (METH) related memories in the conditioned place preference (CPP) model. Animals after the acquisition of METH place preference were subjected to two separate sets of extinction and reinstatement experiments to receive various concentrations of selective OX1R antagonist, SB334867 into the bilateral VTA before extinction sessions (1, 3, and 10 nmol/0.3μl DMSO per side) or only on the reinstatement phase (3, 10, and 30 nmol/0.3μl DMSO per side), respectively. Intra-VTA infusion of SB334867 throughout the extinction phase could remarkably facilitate the extinction process and decrease the maintenance of reinforcing effects of METH at the highest dosage (10 nmol; p<0.0001). Data also indicated a single microinfusion of SB334867 into the VTA before reinstatement of the METH-seeking behavior could considerably prevent the relapse of previously formed reward-context memories (10 nmol; p<0.01 and 30 nmol; p<0.001). The present study provided evidence supporting the potential therapeutic effects of the orexin system modulation, specifically in the VTA, on different stages of METH-induced place preference

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