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Paper   IPM / Cognitive Sciences / 16350
School of Cognitive Sciences
  Title:   Improved dynamic connection detection power in estimated dynamic functional connectivity considering multivariate dependencies between brain regions
1.  S. Balajoo
2.  D. Asemani
3.  A. Khadem
4.  H. Soltanian-Zadeh
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Human Brain Mapping
  Year:  2020
  Pages:   1-24
  Supported by:  IPM
To estimate dynamic functional connectivity (dFC), the conventional method of sliding window correlation (SWC) suffers from poor performance of dynamic connection detection. This stems from the equal weighting of observations, suboptimal time scale, nonsparse output, and the fact that it is bivariate. To overcome these limitations, we exploited the kernel‐reweighted logistic regression (KELLER) algorithm, a method that is common in genetic studies, to estimate dFC in resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs‐fMRI) data. KELLER can estimate dFC through estimating both spatial and temporal patterns of functional connectivity between brain regions. This paper compares the performance of the proposed KELLER method with current methods (SWC and tapered‐SWC (T‐SWC) with different window lengths) based on both simulated and real rs‐fMRI data. Estimated dFC networks were assessed for detecting dynamically connected brain region pairs with hypothesis testing. Simulation results revealed that KELLER can detect dynamic connections with a statistical power of 87.35

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