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Paper   IPM / Philosophy / 15565
School of Analytic Philosophy
  Title:   The Ordinary Concept of Weakness of Will
  Author(s):  Ali Yousefi Heris
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences
  Vol.:  8
  Year:  2019
  Pages:   1-17
  Supported by:  IPM
Recently, a number of experimental philosophers have converged on the position that the ordinary concept of weakness of will does not solely consist in "judgment" or ïntention" violation but is more like a cluster concept in which each factor plays contributory roles in the application of the concept. This, however, raises the question as to which factor is more central or plays a more significant role in folk's understanding of the concept. I contend that the ordinary concept of weakness of will is primarily constituted by the ëxecutive commitment" rather than the ëvaluative commitment" practices. Drawing on extensive evidence from developmental psychology, I will argue that the executive commitment, which, as I will show, involve intention recognition and metarepresentation, is developmentally prior and more fundamental in our exercise and intuitive understanding of the concept.

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