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Paper   IPM / Astronomy / 14691
School of Astronomy
  Title:   On the gravitational stability of the Maclaurin disk
  Author(s): 
1.  Mahmood. Roshan
2.  Shahram. Abbassi
3.  Habib. G. Khosroshahi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Astrophysical Journal
  No.:  2
  Vol.:  832
  Year:  2016
  Supported by:            ipm IPM
  Abstract:
We study the global gravitational stability of a gaseous self-gravitating Maclaurin disk in the absence of a halo. Further, we replace Newtonian gravity with the specific modified gravity theory known as MOG in the relevant literature. MOG is an alternative theory for addressing the dark matter problem without invoking exotic dark matter particles, and it possesses two free parameters α and μ (0) in the weak field limit. We derive the equilibrium gravitational potential of the Maclaurin disk in MOG and develop a semianalytic method for studying the response of the disk to linear nonaxisymmetric perturbations. The eigenvalue spectrum of the normal modes of the disk is obtained, and its physical meaning has been explored. We show that Maclaurin disks are less stable in MOG than in Newtonian gravity. In fact, both parameters (α, μ (0)) have destabilizing effects on the disk. Interestingly, μ (0) excites only the bar mode m = 2, while α affects all of the modes. More specifically, when α > 1, the bar mode is strongly unstable and unlike in Newtonian gravity cannot be avoided, at least in the weak field limit, with increasing the pressure support of the disk.

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