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Paper   IPM / P / 13114
School of Physics
  Title:   Evidence for Cosmic Neutrino Background form CMB Circular Polarization
  Author(s):  R. Mohammadi
  Status:   Published
  Journal: Eur. Phys. J. C
  Vol.:  74
  Year:  2014
  Pages:   3102
  Supported by:  IPM
  Abstract:
The primordial anisotropies of the cosmic microwave background are linearly polarized via Compton-scattering. On the other hand, a primordial degree of circular polarization of the Cosmic Microwave Background is not observationally excluded. In this work, we discuss the generation of the circular polarization of CMB via their scattering on the cosmic neutrino background since the epoch of recombination. We show that photon-neutrino interaction can transform plane polarization into circular polarization through processes γ+ν→γ+ν and the Stokes-V parameter of CMB has linear dependence on the wavelength and square dependence on the average bulk velocity of cosmic neutrino background and also the maximum value of CV is estimated in range of a few Nano-Kelvin square.

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